The devastating environmental impact of plastics

Environment and Poverty are Related Issues Introduction—Linking the Environment and Poverty Many readers are probably familiar with the tale of four blind men being asked to identify the object in front of them.

The devastating environmental impact of plastics

An atmospheric plume formed, consisting of toxic materials such as metals, furans, asbestos, dioxins, PAH, PCB and hydrochloric acid.

Most of the materials were fibres from the structure of the building. Asbestos levels ranged from 0. PAH comprised more than 0. At the site now called Ground Zero, a large pile of smoking rubble burned intermittently for more than 3 months.

Gaseous and particulate particles kept forming long after the towers had collapsed. Aerial photograph of the plume The day of the attacks dust particles of various sizes spread over lower Manhattan and Brooklyn, for many miles.

The devastating environmental impact of plastics

Fire fighters and medics working at the WTC were exposed, but also men and women on the streets and in nearby buildings, and children in nearby schools. In vivo inhalation studies and epidemiological studies pointed out the impact of the dust cloud. Health effects from inhaling dust included bronchial hyper reactivity, because of the high alkalinity of dust particles.

After September, airborne pollutant concentrations in nearby communities declined. Many people present at the WTC at the time of the attacks are still checked regularly, because long-term effects may eventually show.

It is thought there may be an increased risk of development of mesothelioma, consequential to exposure to asbestos.

Airborne dioxins in the days and weeks after the attack may increase the risk of cancer and diabetes. Infants of women that were pregnant on September 11 and had been in the vicinity of the WTC at the time of the attack are also checked for growth or developmental problems.

During the war, extensive damage was done to the environment, and many people suffered health effects from weapons applied to destroy enemy targets. It is estimated that ten thousand villages, and their surrounding environments were destroyed. Safe drinking water declined, because of a destruction of water infrastructure and resulting leaks, bacterial contamination and water theft.

Rivers and groundwater were contaminated by poorly constructed landfills located near the sources.

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Afghanistan once consisted of major forests watered by monsoons. During the war, Taliban members illegally trading timber in Pakistan destroyed much of the forest cover.

US bombings and refugees in need of firewood destroyed much of what remained. In the mountains many large animals such as leopards found refuge, but much of the habitat is applied as refuge for military forces now. Additionally, refugees capture leopards and other large animals are and trade them for safe passage across the border.

Pollution from application of explosives entered air, soil and water. One example is cyclonite, a toxic substance that may cause cancer. Rocket propellants deposited perchlorates, which damage the thyroid gland. Numerous landmines left behind in Afghan soils still cause the deaths of men, women and children today.

Cambodia civil war — In the Prince of Cambodia began to lose the faith of many for failure to come to grips with the deteriorating economic situation. In rebellion started in a wealthy province where many large landowners lives.

Villagers began attacking the tax collection brigade, because taxes were invested in building large factories, causing land to be taken. This led to a bloody civil war. Before the conflict could be repressed 10, people had died.

The rebellion caused the up rise of the Khmer Rouge, a Maoist-extremist organization that wanted to introduce communism in the country. In the organization, led by Pol Pot, officially seized power in Cambodia. The Khmer considered farmers proletarians to be the working class, as did Mao in China earlier.The Main Environmental Land Issues - Central Land Issues There are many key environmental land issues which exist on Long Island.

Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States where land is a hot commodity.

Environmental effects of warfare Page updated Sept Created by S.M. Enzler MSc The impact of war on the environment and human health. This part of the attheheels.com web site looks at the relationship between poverty and the environment which are related issues. The causes of each are often similar, and thus these issues need to be understood together.

Palm oil, produced from the oil palm, is a basic source of income for many farmers in South East Asia, Central and West Africa, and Central attheheels.com is locally used as a cooking oil, exported for use in many commercial food and personal care products and is converted into biofuel. The code name Castle Bravo was given to the first United States test of a dry fuel thermonuclear hydrogen bomb.

The bomb was detonated on Bikini Atoll, Marshall Isalnds on March 1, , as the first test of Operation Castle and was the most powerful nuclear . An Age of Abundance At the end of World War II, the United States underwent rapid economic growth.

The postwar abundance could be easily pinpointed by the mass consumption of everything from energy and detergents to plastics and pesticides.

Ocean Pollution and Marine Mammals – attheheels.com