The service operated between June and July
It was the first permanent IBM installation in the world to do scientific work Comrie's Greenwich setup had not been permanent.
In lateEckert presented a paper on this work to the American Astronomical Society. A seemingly mundane but significant aspect of this work was the new ability to feed the result of one computation into the next and print the results of these calculations directly, thus eliminating the transcription errors that were common in astronomical and lunar tables [ 17 ].
To illustrate with a quote from Kay Antonelli, University of Pennsylvania, referring to her wartime work [ 34 ], "We did have desk calculators at that time, mechanical and driven with electric motors, that could do simple arithmetic.
You'd do a multiplication and when the answer appeared, you had to write it down to reenter it into the machine to do the next calculation.
We were preparing a firing table for each gun, with maybe 1, simple trajectories.
To hand-compute just one of these trajectories took 30 or 40 hours of sitting at a desk with paper and a calculator. Ben Wood and his Statistical Bureau work with IBM to develop mark-sense technology to improve the efficiency of processing standardized tests [ 9 ].
The battles in court between Napster and the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) likely played a role in the extraordinary growth, said Media Metrix senior vice president Bruce Ryon. “This is a watershed event and can serve as a catalyst for the reinvention of education, research, and intellectual life,” one eager observer wrote at the time. Return to Transcripts main page. CNN BREAKING NEWS. Note: This page is continually updated as new transcripts become available. If you cannot find a specific segment, check back later.
Wood is remembered at Columbia through the Ben D. Wood Graduate Fellowships in Learning Technologiesand at the Educational Testing Servicewhich dedicated its largest building to him in Contains articles by Ben Wood and Wallace Eckert, among many others.
Most of the applications described are straighforward tabulating and bookkeeping operations; Eckert's is the exception.
In Eckert's Lab, she programmed and performed scientific computations on the, and other machines. Out of professional staff members, 35 are definitely women. Many more are listed with only initials; some others by Romanized Chinese name which generally does not indicate gender.
This consists primarily of 1 numerical integration of the equations of planetary motion; 2 complete checking of the lunar theory; 3 computation of precession and rectangular co-ordinates for the Yale University Zone Catalogues ; 4 the photometric program of the Rutherford Observatory; and 5 problems of stellar statistics.
Users of the Bureau were charged only for labor and materials a tremendous bargain, since the equipment was donated. InSoviet astronomer Boris Numerov visits Eckert's lab to learn how punched card equipment might be applied to "stellar research" in his own lab at St.
Petersburg University in Moscow. The website of the Tosno Museum of Local History and Tradition Leningrad Region says as of 12 Sep "An exhibit section is devoted to Boris Numerov - a prominent astronomer, land-surveyor and geophysicist, a creator of various astronomic instruments and means of minerals exploring.
His family has lived in the town of Lyuban' not far from Tosno since In the times of Stalinist repressions Boris Numerov was arrested and executed in In he was rehabilitated.The release of Napster in June marked the beginning of a Golden Age of peer-to-peer file sharing where billions and billions of dollars of copyrighted materials were plundered with near impunity.
|Metroactive Music | Napster/attheheels.com||Join the conversation on Twitter and Facebook. They said when can you start?|
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|Copyright, work for hire, and other rights issues - Writers and Editors||Early History of Napster by Moya K. Mason While finishing his freshman year at Northeastern University, Shawn Fanning decided to create a piece of software that would allow people to search for and share MP3 files they had trouble finding.|
Blindsided by a precipitous drop in album sales, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), a trade organization representing the. Return to Transcripts main page. CNN BREAKING NEWS. Note: This page is continually updated as new transcripts become available.
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From Ben Affleck's dealmaker to Keith Olbermann's (Republican) pit bull, The Hollywood Reporter's definitive list of the best in the business. “This is a watershed event and can serve as a catalyst for the reinvention of education, research, and intellectual life,” one eager observer wrote at the time.