I found myself wandering through the endless hallways of an ancient and eerie mansion. I was anxious — but not terrified. Like a character in a horror film, I felt strangely compelled to explore, even while dreading what I might encounter.
Valua Vitaly Advertisement For centuries people have pondered the meaning of dreams. Early civilizations thought of dreams as a medium between our earthly world and that of the gods.
In fact, the Greeks and Romans were convinced that dreams had certain prophetic powers. Carl Research on dreams psychology who studied under Freud also believed that dreams had psychological importance, but proposed different theories about their meaning.
Since then, technological advancements have allowed for the development of other theories. Humans, the theory goes, construct dream stories after they wake up, in a natural attempt to make sense of it all.
Yet, given the vast documentation of realistic aspects to human dreaming as well as indirect experimental evidence that other mammals such as cats also dream, evolutionary psychologists have theorized that dreaming really does serve a purpose.
So, over the years, numerous theories have been put forth in an attempt to illuminate the mystery behind human dreams, but, until recently, strong tangible evidence has remained largely elusive. Yet, new research published in the Journal of Neuroscience provides compelling insights into the mechanisms that underlie dreaming and the strong relationship our dreams have with our memories.
Cristina Marzano and her colleagues at the University of Rome have succeeded, for the first time, in explaining how humans remember their dreams.
The scientists predicted the likelihood of successful dream Research on dreams psychology based on a signature pattern of brain waves.
In order to do this, the Italian research team invited 65 students to spend two consecutive nights in their research laboratory. During the first night, the students were left to sleep, allowing them to get used to the sound-proofed and temperature-controlled rooms. Our brain experiences four types of electrical brain waves: There are five stages of sleep; most dreaming and our most intense dreams occur during the REM stage.
The students were woken at various times and asked to fill out a diary detailing whether or not they dreamt, how often they dreamt and whether they could remember the content of their dreams. While previous studies have already indicated that people are more likely to remember their dreams when woken directly after REM sleep, the current study explains why.
Those participants who exhibited more low frequency theta waves in the frontal lobes were also more likely to remember their dreams. This finding is interesting because the increased frontal theta activity the researchers observed looks just like the successful encoding and retrieval of autobiographical memories seen while we are awake.
Carl Jung Carl Jung regarded dreams as a reflection of psychic activity. A dream, he felt, should be regarded seriously and analyzed to see how it . attheheels.com: Jungian Art Therapy: Images, Dreams, and Analytical Psychology (): Nora Swan-Foster: Books. A Great List Of Unique Topics For Psychology Essays About Dreams. Writing an essay on Dreams can be an overwhelming task to take on. For one, dreams are interpreted through our unconscious state of .
That is, it is the same electrical oscillations in the frontal cortex that make the recollection of episodic memories e. Thus, these findings suggest that the neurophysiological mechanisms that we employ while dreaming and recalling dreams are the same as when we construct and retrieve memories while we are awake.
In another recent study conducted by the same research team, the authors used the latest MRI techniques to investigate the relation between dreaming and the role of deep-brain structures.
In their study, the researchers found that vivid, bizarre and emotionally intense dreams the dreams that people usually remember are linked to parts of the amygdala and hippocampus.
While the amygdala plays a primary role in the processing and memory of emotional reactions, the hippocampus has been implicated in important memory functions, such as the consolidation of information from short-term to long-term memory.
Scientists have also recently identified where dreaming is likely to occur in the brain. However, it was not until a few years ago that a patient reported to have lost her ability to dream while having virtually no other permanent neurological symptoms. The patient suffered a lesion in a part of the brain known as the right inferior lingual gyrus located in the visual cortex.
Thus, we know that dreams are generated in, or transmitted through this particular area of the brain, which is associated with visual processing, emotion and visual memories.
Taken together, these recent findings tell an important story about the underlying mechanism and possible purpose of dreaming.
Dreams seem to help us process emotions by encoding and constructing memories of them. What we see and experience in our dreams might not necessarily be real, but the emotions attached to these experiences certainly are. Our dream stories essentially try to strip the emotion out of a certain experience by creating a memory of it.
This way, the emotion itself is no longer active. In fact, severe REM sleep-deprivation is increasingly correlated to the development of mental disorders.
In short, dreams help regulate traffic on that fragile bridge which connects our experiences with our emotions and memories. Are you a scientist who specializes in neuroscience, cognitive science, or psychology?
And have you read a recent peer-reviewed paper that you would like to write about?Nov 18, · Experimental psychology first investigated dream content and frequency. The neuroscientific approach to dreaming arose at the end of the s and soon proposed a physiological substrate of dreaming: rapid eye movement sleep.
Jung saw dreams as the psyche’s attempt to communicate important things to the individual. An article by Marcus West. Learn from over years of psychoanalytic research. How to Interpret your Dreams builds on the research of leading dream analysis experts, allowing you to easily reference the dreams that you, your family and your friends experience..
Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud practised psychoanalysis and published many case histories such as . Dreams can be fascinating, exciting, terrifying, or just plain weird. Learn more about the fascinating dream facts researchers have discovered. Study.
Experiencing Ratings Orientation Population Outcome Measures and Findings; Kirtner & Cartwright Manner of Process rated for first therapy hour.
Welcome to the Department of Psychology and Human Services. The Mission of the Department of Psychology and Human Services is to provide an innovative blend of theory, research, and application that prepares students for immediate employment and graduate school.