Synopsis[ edit ] This essay is widely held to be one of the greatest examples of sustained irony in the history of the English language. Much of its shock value derives from the fact that the first portion of the essay describes the plight of starving beggars in Ireland, so that the reader is unprepared for the surprise of Swift's solution when he states: He uses methods of argument throughout his essay which lampoon the then-influential William Petty and the social engineering popular among followers of Francis Bacon.
Biography Youth This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message Jonathan Swift was born on 30 November in DublinIreland.
His maternal grandfather, James Ericke, was the vicar of Thornton, England. In the vicar was convicted of Puritan practices. Some time thereafter, Ericke and his family, including his young daughter Abilgail, fled to Ireland. He said that there he learned to read the Bible. His nurse returned him to his mother, still in Ireland, when he was three.
Swift's benefactor and uncle Godwin Swift — took primary responsibility for the young man, sending him with one of his cousins to Kilkenny College also attended by philosopher George Berkeley. He hadn't and so started at a lower form.
Swift graduated inwhen he was The four-year course followed a curriculum largely set in the Middle Ages for the priesthood. The lectures were dominated by Aristotelian logic and philosophy.
The basic skill taught the students was debate and they were expected to be able to argue both sides of any argument or topic. Swift was an above-average student but not exceptional, and received his B.
He had retired from public service to his country estate to tend his gardens and write his memoirs. Gaining his employer's confidence, Swift "was often trusted with matters of great importance".
Swift took up his residence at Moor Park where he met Esther Johnsonthen eight years old, the daughter of an impoverished widow who acted as companion to Temple's sister Lady Giffard.
Swift was her tutor and mentor, giving her the nickname "Stella", and the two maintained a close but ambiguous relationship for the rest of Esther's life. Then he left Moor Park, apparently despairing of gaining a better position through Temple's patronage, to become an ordained priest in the Established Church of Ireland.
He was appointed to the prebend of Kilroot in the Diocese of Connor inwith his parish located at Kilrootnear Carrickfergus in County Antrim. Swift appears to have been miserable in his new position, being isolated in a small, remote community far from the centres of power and influence.
While at Kilroot, however, he may well have become romantically involved with Jane Waring, whom he called "Varina", the sister of an old college friend.From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes A Modest Proposal Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
A Modest Proposal For preventing the Children of Poor People From being a Burthen to Their Parents or Country, and For making them Beneficial to the Publick, commonly referred to as A Modest Proposal, is a Juvenalian satirical essay written and published anonymously by Jonathan Swift in The essay suggests that the impoverished Irish might ease their economic troubles by selling their.
Further Study. Test your knowledge of A Modest Proposal with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on the context and background and links to the best resources around the web.
Before beginning this summary of “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift, it is important to clarify that this is a satire and thus Swift is using symbols and motifs to present the themes he wishes to discuss and is not seriously advocating this demise of children.
Never miss another hot celeb story! The juiciest celebrity news from all around the web on a single page. Jonathan Swift (30 November – 19 October ) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin..
Swift is remembered for works such as A Tale of a Tub (), An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity (), Gulliver's Travels (), and A Modest Proposal ().