While this website will remain online, it is no longer maintained. History - Dr. Today, our story continues with a new chapter - a chapter that coincides with the "closure" of the American frontier which we have discussed over the past two days - and focuses on the rapid industrialization, urbanization, and immigration that occurred at the end of the 19th Century. This is an era that often is not taught in the schools but is essential to an understanding of contemporary American history - and era known as the Gilded Age.
Americans integrated the technologies of the Industrial Revolution into a new commercial economy. Steam power, the technology that moved steamboats and railroads, fueled the rise of American industry by powering mills and sparking new national transportation networks. The revolution reverberated across the country.
More and more farmers grew crops for profit, not self-sufficiency. Vast factories and cities arose in the North. A new middle class ballooned.
And as more men and women worked in the cash economy, they were freed from the bound dependence of servitude. But there were costs to this revolution. As northern textile factories boomed, the demand for southern cotton swelled, and American slavery accelerated.
Northern subsistence farmers became laborers bound to the whims of markets and bosses. Some workers, often immigrant women, worked thirteen hours a day, six days a week. Others labored in slavery. Massive northern textile mills turned southern cotton into cheap cloth.
And although northern states washed their hands of slavery, their factories fueled the demand for slave-grown southern cotton and their banks provided the financing that ensured the profitability and continued existence of the American slave Industrial revolution and new immigrants.
And so, as the economy advanced, the market revolution wrenched the United States in new directions as it became a nation of free labor and slavery, of wealth and inequality, and of endless promise and untold perils.
Americans increasingly produced goods for sale, not for consumption. Improved transportation enabled a larger exchange network.
Labor-saving technology improved efficiency and enabled the separation of the public and domestic spheres. Class conflict, child labor, accelerated immigration, and the expansion of slavery followed.
These strains required new family arrangements and transformed American cities. American commerce had proceeded haltingly during the eighteenth century. American farmers increasingly exported foodstuffs to Europe as the French Revolutionary Wars devastated the continent between and But in the wake of the War ofAmericans rushed to build a new national infrastructure, new networks of roads, canals, and railroads.
State legislatures meanwhile pumped capital into the economy by chartering banks. The number of state-chartered banks skyrocketed from 1 ininand in to 1, in Depressions devastated the economy in, and Each followed rampant speculation in various commodities: Eventually the bubbles all burst.
The spread of paper currency untethered the economy from the physical signifiers of wealth familiar to the colonial generation, namely land. Counterfeit bills were endemic during this early period of banking.
Prostitutes and con men could look like regular honest Americans. Advice literature offered young men and women strategies for avoiding hypocrisy in an attempt to restore the social fiber.
Intimacy in the domestic sphere became more important as duplicity proliferated in the public sphere.
|Industrial Revolution and New Immigration Essay – Free Papers and Essays Examples||They also worked in the coal mines. Factory work for women was were often unsanitary and the work dangerous.|
Fear of the confidence man, counterfeit bills, and a pending bust created anxiety in the new capitalist economy. But Americans refused to blame the logic of their new commercial system for these depressions.
Her trip was less than five hundred miles but took six weeks to complete. The journey was a terrible ordeal, she said. At Wheeling, Virginia, her coach encountered the National Road, the first federally funded interstate infrastructure project.
The road was smooth and her journey across the Alleghenies was a scenic delight. If a transportation revolution began with improved road networks, it soon incorporated even greater improvements in the ways people and goods moved across the landscape.
New York State completed the Erie Canal in Immigrants in the ’s had a tough time a lot of them had a language barrier. The industrial revolution started before the civil war and immigration to the USA is not new.
American History: Immigrants From Europe Seek a Better Life in a New Land May 12, Horse-drawn wagons and electric trolley cars share the streets in Philadelphia during a time of. Absolutism and Constitutionalism - Multiple Choice. More Multiple Choice on Absolutism and Constitutionalism.
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The Industrial Revolution occurred when agrarian societies became more industrialized and urban. Learn where and when the Industrial Revolution started, and the inventions that made it possible.