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Precolonial literature[ edit ] Examples of pre-colonial African literature are numerous. In Ethiopiathere is a substantial literature written in Ge'ez going back at least to the fourth century AD; the best-known work in this tradition is the Kebra Negastor "Book of Kings.
From Timbuktu alone, there are an estimatedor more manuscripts tucked away in various libraries and private collections,  mostly written in Arabic but some in the native languages namely Fula and Songhai.
The material covers a wide array of topics, including astronomy, poetry, law, history, faith, politics, and philosophy. Medieval north Africa boasted universities such as those of Fes and Cairowith copious amounts of literature to supplement them.
Colonial African literature[ edit ] The African works best known in the West from the periods of colonization and the slave trade are primarily slave narrativessuch as Olaudah Equiano 's The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano In the colonial period, Africans exposed to Western languages began to write in those tongues.
Studies in Race Emancipation. During this period, African plays written in English began to emerge. Nongqawuse the Liberator in Among the first pieces of African literature to receive significant worldwide critical acclaim was Things Fall Apartby Chinua Achebe.
Published inlate in the colonial era, Things Fall Apart analyzed the effect of colonialism on traditional African society. Many, indeed, suffered deeply and directly: Postcolonial African literature[ edit ] With liberation and increased literacy since most African nations gained their independence in the s and s, African literature has grown dramatically in quantity and in recognition, with numerous African works appearing in Western academic curricula and on "best of" lists compiled at the end of the 20th century.
African writers in this period wrote both in Western languages notably EnglishFrenchand Portuguese and in traditional African languages such as Hausa. Mazrui and others mention seven conflicts as themes: Female writers are today far better represented in published African literature than they were prior to independence.
InWole Soyinka became the first post-independence African writer to win the Nobel Prize in literature. Previously, Algerian -born Albert Camus had been awarded the prize.
Contemporary developments[ edit ] There is a lot of literary production in Africa since the beginning of the current decadeeven though readers do not always follow in large numbers.
The case of the Grand Prix of Literary Associations is quite illustrative.Oct 24, · CROSSROADS, South Africa — The end of apartheid was supposed to be a beginning.
Judith Sikade envisioned escaping the townships, where the government had forced black people to live. Last Will and Testament In South Africa by Ralph M Ertner, LLM (UCT) Version: December testament should not write the testament, as they will then be rejected as beneficiaries.
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From the beginning of the nineteenth century through to , Protestant missionaries were the most important intermediaries between South Africa’s ruling white minority and its black. Bob Truda, Indwe. September Western Gauteng's Cradle of Humankind, or 'place where we once lived' in Setswana, is a complex network of dolomitic limestone caves where at least 40 different fossil sites have been discovered.
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