PDF version Introduction As the labour force participation rates for mothers of young children have risen over the past few decades, so has the use of child care, including both child care centres and family child care homes. A substantial majority of young children now regularly experience child care prior to their entry into school: Recent estimates indicate that nearly two-thirds of all 3- to 5-year-old children in the United States attend some form of regular child care prior to kindergarten. Examination of the quality of child care has weighed a variety of factors, including classroom practices eg, materials, activities, daily organizationteacher—child relationships eg, teacher sensitivity, warmth and closeness of the relationship with the childand teacher qualifications eg, education and training levels.
PDF version Introduction All over the world, children typically live with and are cared for primarily by their parents but also receive care from extended family members, neighbours, friends, and paid care providers.
Consequently, researchers have focused on the nature of nonparental care and the ways how children from different family backgrounds, with different educational, developmental, and individual needs are affected.
For example, children in child care have different experiences at home than do children who only experience parental care. They must also seek to improve the clarity of the findings by conducting meta-analyses that summarize the results of multiple studies.
Scholars and politicians who question the value and appropriateness of child care have been particularly concerned that children cannot maintain supportive relationships with their parents when they attend child care centres.
By contrast, those who value child care have emphasized that children need to develop good relationships with care providers and peers in order to benefit fully from their enriching experiences in nonparental care.
They also acknowledge that stimulating care at home is influential and that it complements the effects of formal educational strategies and programs. Recent Research Results The transition from home to child care is stressful for many children,10,11 so care providers need to help children manage their responses to this stress.
Children adapt to the new child care environments successfully only if the centres keep levels of stress low or moderate by ensuring that care providers establish meaningful and positive relationships with children and provide care of high quality.
Indeed, the emerging relationships between care providers and children reflect the characteristics and dynamics of the group whereas infant-parent attachments seem to be influenced more directly by dyadic interactions.
Such encounters provide excellent opportunities for learning the rules of social interaction: However, children with difficult temperaments are less likely to interact positively with peers, and this is an especially difficult problem in centres of low quality. Many scholars were initially worried that nonparental child care might be risky for children and thus sought to determine whether children in child care were as well adapted psychologically and behaviourally as children cared for exclusively at home.
Later researchers began to explore the advantages of good-quality care and its potential benefits for children. In particular, they noted that child care offers opportunities for more extensive social contacts with peers and adults, and thus may open extended social worlds for children.
Positive child care experiences may also enhance later educational opportunities, such that those experiencing early nonparental care are better able to benefit from education, adjust to routines, and resist conflicts.
Implications Because children can profit from experiences in nonparental child care, child care needs to be of good quality and should provide access to a variety of positive social relationships. To ensure that care environments are developmentally appropriate, however, adult—child ratios in child care must be kept low.
Group size and composition also need to be considered as mediators of the quality of individual care provider—child relationships.
Context, quality, correlates, and consequences. Child psychology in practice. Handbook of child psychology. Characteristics and quality of child care for toddlers and preschoolers. Applied Developmental Psychology ;4 3: Do type of child care and age of entry predict behavior problems during early childhood?
Results from a large Norwegian longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Development ;36 3: Evidence from the effective pre-school and primary education project.
Beckh K, Becker-Stoll F. Formations of attachment relationships towards teachers lead to conclusions for public child care.A wide range of policies, including those directed toward early care and education, child protective services, adult mental health, family economic supports, and many other areas, can promote the safe, supportive environments and stable, caring relationships that children need.
An essay discussing the role of a parent in child development. An evaluation of a child's development of social skills, and the influence of parents. essay on early childhood. Child Development. A child’s development is the process of growth of a child to teenage years, from dependency to increase independence.
The library day is the.
Daycare or child care is care for a child during the day. Daycare for kids typically refers to a child care facility that parents take their children to during Essay: Is Daycare Good for Children or not? staff at good daycare centers is usually trained in early childhood education so they know to expect from kids developmentally and are.
[tags: Child Development] Good Essays words | ( pages quality child care is a necessity. And it does not come cheap. For families with more than one child, child care can eat up one salary, leaving parents wondering both working is worth it.
- This report analyses the strengths and weaknesses of a local day care which is. You Have Not Saved Any Essays. Topics in this paper.
Nervous System; Patterson; Trending Topics. United States; America My term paper I researched early child development and the brain- the base for health, learning, and the behavior of children. Most people who are studying Early Learning and Child Care will work with children 3/5(18).
The Negative Effects of Child Care on Child Development Outline and Evaluate Research Into the Effects of Day Care on Social Development The Quality of Early Child Care and Children’s Development.